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FROM COSMOS TO THEOS Towards a New Philosophical Theology

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Contemporary sciences, in particular physics and cosmology, appear to have knocked at the doors of heaven. Scientists are confronted by ultimate questions of existence as never before at the frontiers of their disciplines. The knowledge of the universe converges on the reflection on God. This is the paradigm shift that is taking place in contemporary philosophical theology; the present volume unfolds the story of this great revolution.
Milky Way seen from the Earth

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NEW FRONTIERS IN PHILOSOPHICAL THEOLOGY

Contemporary sciences, in particular physics and cosmology, appear to have knocked at the doors of heaven. Scientists are confronted by ultimate questions of existence as never before at the frontiers of their disciplines. The knowledge of the universe converges on the reflection on God. This is the paradigm shift that is taking place in contemporary philosophical theology; the present volume unfolds the story of this great revolution.
Milky Way seen from the Earth

Joseph Mathew is a senior professor of philosophy. He teaches philosophy at various seminaries in India and abroad. The present volume is his third work. He regularly contributes to different periodicals—both philosophical and theological.

TABLE OF CONTENTS
PROLOGUE
PART ONE
NEW FRONTIERS IN PHILOSOPHICAL THEOLOGY
1. THE SEARCH AFTER THEOS
1.1. God as Ultimate Reality
1.2. The Philosophy of Ultimate Reality
2 THE NEW SCENARIOS IN SCIENCE
2.1. The New Scenarios in Physics
2.1.1. The Ancient Physics
2.1.2. The Modern Physics
2.1.3. The New Physics
2.2. The New Scenarios in Cosmology
2.3. The Pre-Relativistic Cosmology
2.4. The New Cosmology
2.5. The Effectiveness of Mathematics in Sciences
2.6. Mathematics and Physics
2.7. The ‘Unreasonable Effectiveness of Mathematics’
3. THE NEW CONTEXTS IN PHILOSOPHICAL THEOLOGY
3.1 The Ancient Times
3.2 The Modern Era
3.3. The Contemporary Scene
3.3.1. Phenomenology of Religious Experience
3.3.2 Linguistic Theology
3.3.3 Heidegger’s ‘Destruction of Onto-theology’
3.3 .4 Nietzsche and the ‘Death of God’
3.3.5 The Postmodernist ‘Deconstruction’ of Theology
3.4 The New philosophical Theology
4. THE NEW THEORY OF KNOWLEDGE AND THE NEW LOGIC
4.1 The New Theory of Knowledge
4.1.1 Critical Realism in Science
4.1.2 Critical Realism in Philosophical Theology
4.2 The New logic
4.2.1 Inference to the Best Explanation (IBE)
4.2.2 The New Modality of Logical Argumentation
PART TWO
“FROM COSMOS”
5. OUR UNIVERSE
5.1 Our ‘Wonder-full’ Universe
5.2 The Story of Our Universe in a Nutshell
5.3 The Universe and Man
5.4 The Universe and God
6. THE COSMIC-ANTHROPIC CONNECTIONS
6.1. THE CONSTANTS CONNECTION
6.1.1 The Fundamental Constants of Nature
6.1.2 The Fine-Tuning of the Fundamental Constants
6 .2. The Cosmic Connection
6. 3 The Galactic Connection
6.4 The Supernova Connection
6.5 The Solar Connection
6.6 The Earthly Connection
6.7 The Space-Time Connection
PART THREE
TOTHEOS”
7. CONTINGENCY AT THE FOUNDATIONS
7.1 Contingency at the Foundations of Reality
7.1.1 Contingency and Its Modalities
7.1.2 Contingency of Initial Conditions and of Physical Laws
7.1. 3 Contingency of Existence and Experience Thereof
7.2 Contingency at the Foundations of Knowledge
7.2.1Contingency at the Foundations of Mathematics
7.2.2 Contingency at the Foundations of Physics
8. FROM PHYSICS TO PHILOSOPHICAL THEOLOGY
8. 1 Physics – ‘Meta-Physics’ – Philosophical Theology
8.2 The Extreme Improbability of Anthropic Universe
8.3 The Ultimate Explanations of Extreme Improbability
8.3.1 The Theory of Everything (TOE)
8.3.2 The Many Worlds Hypothesis
9. THE NEW ARGUMENT FROM DESIGN C
9.1 The Statement of the New Argument from Design
9.2 The Epistemology of the Design Argument
9.3 The Logic of the Design Argument
9.3.1 The Design Argument as IBE
9.3 2 The Logical Modality of the Design Argument
10. THE NATURE OF THE DESIGNER-GOD
10.1 The Mind/Consciousness and the Quantum World
10.2 The Super-Mind/Consciousness and the Universe
10.3 The Super-Mind/Consciousness and Brahman
11. THE ACTION OF THE DESIGNER-GOD IN THE WORLD
11.1 Top-down Causation
11.2 Top-down Causation of the Designer-God
EPILOGUE 227
NOTES
BIBLIOGRAPHY
MAP OF THE UNIVERSE (28 x 35) cm

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